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Chapter Six 2

Hey Ho Raggedy-O

Chapter 6:   page 3

Lola Montez, Billy Barlow, the Tarantula and the Tarantella

The years 1855-56 also saw the tour, in Australia, of the beautiful, notorious Lola Montez — born Maria Dolores Eliza Gilbert in the same year, in the same country, as Gustavus Brooke. The beautiful Lola performed in Melbourne’s Theatre Royal, at the time trying to compete, without much success, with Coppin’s theatre, where Brooke was playing to crowded houses.

Lola Montez

Lola’s career had begun after she had spent a short time studying Spanish dancing, and decided that she was really hot-bloodedly Spanish at heart, and not Irish. She romped all over Europe, cracking a whip as a form of crowd control, dancing her highly idiosyncratic interpretive dances. Between dances she treated her audiences to dramatic readings from Shakespeare and others.

By the time of her Australian tour she had worked up her famous Spider Dance. Folk-legend in Australia tells us that this dance involved twirling and frantic stamping while the lovely Lola searched for a tarantula hiding in her clothing. The removal of several layers of costume was, she insisted, part of a tasteful and beautiful piece. Sometimes she added more spiders as the mood took her. George Coppin tells it differently. His biographer, Alec Bagot, in a mixture of direct quotes and his own paraphrasing, said that:

“The dance, as it originated, represented the reactions of a young woman bitten by a poisonous spider…. As the poison spread through her system, the victim lolled listlessly and stupidly. Aroused by the strains of music she began to dance. When the music became more lively, she jumped about with great velocity. The violent exercise brought on perspiration which invariably cured the disorder.”

This is a close description of a tarantella. Tarantism, a strange malady, supposed to be the result of having been spider-bitten, overcame large numbers of people in the Sicilian town of Taranto during the 15th and 16th centuries. The only cure, the harmless nature of the local wolf-spider notwithstanding, was to dance frantically and wildly. A folk-dance, called the tarantella, based on the antics of the sufferers of tarantism, was later developed and became all the rage in 18th-century Europe. The dance, the tarantula spider, and the disease were all named for the town of Taranto. The history of Lola’s dance was of no concern to the diggers of the Victorian goldfields, who turned out in droves to see her. She ignored the cries of, “Take it all off!” while carefully removing quite a lot, but never all, of her costume. Gold nuggets covered the stage at the end of her act. She publicly horse-whipped the editor of the Ballarat Times, who displeased her by giving her an unfavourable report. The Ballarat Star carried a much more fitting tribute :

“…..This dance, ( The Spider Dance) on which malic (sic) and envy have endeavoured to fix the stain of immorality, has been given in the other Colonies to houses packed from floor to ceiling with rank and fashion and beauty.”

Lola Dancing

Back in Melbourne, Coppin’s Billy Barlow, always ready with a topical routine, danced his own version of the Spider Dance. In a tiny skirt, he twirled and flung himself about the stage. The finale was a spider-chase across the stage, in pursuit of a huge, furry, multi-legged beast that he had produced from beneath his costume.
Billy Barlow sang:

When famed Lola Montez for spiders did look
I took a leaf out of her very blue book
The first night she danced she something did show
Not at all like the spider of Billy Barlow.
– George Coppin, 1856

Coppin continued to bring actors, musicians, and singers out on tour. As well as performing in his theatres, they covered the lucrative goldfield-circuit, first by coach and later by train. By 1862, the line linking Melbourne, Geelong, Bendigo, Ballarat, and Castlemaine was finished. Tours of the whole East Coast of Australia, taking in particularly the goldfields of Victoria, New South Wales, and Queensland, were possible, using a combination of horse-drawn coach, train, and coastal ship.

Coppin toured America in 1864, beginning on the West Coast, from San Francisco to Oregon, and back down to Panama, across to the East Coast, and right on up into Canada. He was with his friend and fellow-actor Edwin Booth when Booth’s brother, John Wilkes Booth, shot and killed President Abraham Lincoln.

In 1865, Coppin’s Billy Barlow said goodbye to New York, and returned home to Melbourne, Australia. Billy Barlow had been a familiar character in America since at least 1832 and, since Sam Cowell’s tour there just before the Civil War, he had travelled beyond the cities of the East Coast with the soldiers of the Union Army.

The Dodger Song

A song connected not with Billy, but with another Coppin character, The Artful Dodge, is a song called, We’re All Dodging/ We’re All Cheating/ The Dodger Song. The Artful Dodge(r) was of course not Coppin’s alone, and is better known as the character in the Dickens story, Oliver Twist. Many comic singers of this time, including Sam Cowell, did “Dodger” routines with singing.

Coppin performed a song said to have been of his own composition, in Melbourne in the 1850s, called, We’re all Dodging. He may have been using the song well before this. “The Artful Dodge” was an early character of Coppin’s, but he was also a character of Sam Cowell’s. Both men sang a song about him. No dated, credited copy of the song Coppin sang has so far turned up in either Australia or America, but a song called We’re all Cheating has wide currency in Australia, and songs bearing the titles We’re All Dodging or The Dodger Song are well-known in America.

The American songs date from a period after Sam Cowell’s and George Coppin’s American tours in the early 1860s. They are usually credited to Oklahoma farmers. It cannot be said with certainty who wrote We’re All Dodging but it is possible that it was George Coppin. I don’t believe it was Oklahoma farmers.







A Study of the Billy Barlow Phenomenon
(written by Joy Hildebrand)

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